6 Lumen Road, North Wembley, HA9 7RE


CBT – A Step By Step Guide

Compulsory Basic Training or CBT is a mandatory course for motorcyclists that must be completed before any rider can legally ride on a public road. The course is designed to ensure every motorcyclist is able, confident and utterly safe to take to the roads. Although this training does not adhere to a pass/fail method, several elements must be examined before deemed capable to ride alone and on any road that is why it is important to understand the process of the training so you know what to expect and how the process works.

Before we get to the specifics, here is a list of areas that your instructor will be focusing on:

  • Vehicle weight restrictions
  • Individual experience
  • Situational Awareness
  • Steering, balancing and vehicle control
  • Fundamental starting and stopping techniques

A full step-by-step guide to Compulsory Basic Training:

This one-day course will take place in a fully facilitated examining site with highly professional and skilled instructors who will monitor your progress, ensure you can complete each stage effectively and that you are confident, and it is safe enough for you to ride.

The training consists of 5 stages; each stage will be completed before moving forward.

* It is worth noting that your session will involve a maximum of 4 other trainees.


The Introduction

Your instructor will explain the layout of the day, what the training will entail. It will also include how to make smart and safe decisions on the road, details of the parameters for vehicle weight and balance and the correct protective clothing that must be worn when riding.

* Your introduction will also include a mandatory eyesight test. 


On-Site Training

At this stage, you will be shown the basics of the machinery, how the motorcycle works, the motorcycle maintenance, how to safely manoeuvre it when it is parked and how it should be kept.

During your on-site training you will be shown:

  1. How to perform basic checks such as the electrical system, checking oil levels, whether the tyres are safe and any other basic information about the operations of the bike.
  2. How to start and stop the engine
  3. How to balance and control the vehicle
  4. Guidance through all the controls and how they work

It is at this step that you will also be taught about observation-signal-manoeuvre to ensure the safety of you and your fellow motorists.


On-Site Riding

Learning how to recognise hazards and make quick decisions is the main focus of this on-sit riding stage. You will go through a more in-depth understanding of the OSM (Observation-Signal-Manoeuvre) and PSL (Position-Speed-Look) processes to reduce the risk of injury and accident.

Step 4

Practical On-Road Training

This stage is vital before getting you out on the road. Your instructor will ensure you understand the safety, rules and restrictions associated with riding a motorcycle and how to be road ready.


At this stage ensuring you have the correct machine weight, your balance is spot on and maintenance and positioning checks are done and accurate is a must. This stage is all about preparation; adhering to the rules of the road and the legal requirements. Speed, confidence and attitude, body positioning, distance and hazard checks are all observed and practised.

Step 5

Practical On-Road Riding

The moment our trainee motorcyclists have been waited for; getting out on the open road. At this stage, you will be taking to the road, with the guidance of your instructor (through an earpiece). This will involve experiencing various traffic conditions, speed restrictions; you will be demonstrating U-turns, emergency stops, hill starts, and various control techniques.

Once your instructor is as happy and as confident as you are, you are ready to ride your bike! Congratulations!

It is important to note that although this course can be achieved in one-day if the trainee needs more time at any stage, they will not progress to the next section till their instructor deems they are capable. Although designed to last a full day, if the training requires additional time that will be at the instructor’s discretion.

It is encouraged that questions are asked throughout the stages, being sure you are clear and confident before getting on the road is of the utmost importance.